Seabiscuit was the perfect horse for his time.
He did not look the part of a great racehorse. He was relatively small and knobby-kneed with a laid-back demeanor that suggested he would much rather sleep than step into the starting gate. It appeared he could not run a lick when he dropped the first 17 starts of his career, leaving him as the butt of bad jokes in his own barn.
Bred: Wheatley Stable (Ky.)
Sire: Hard Tack
Dam: Swing On, by Whisk Broom II
Career record: 89 starts, 33 wins,
Career earnings: $437,730
Awards: Horse of the Year (1938);
But a change of hands to unlikely connections would ultimately transform Seabiscuit into a much-needed star, a source of hope when one was desperately needed during the Great Depression.
As an article published on April 27, 1940 in the Saturday Evening Post read: “Seabiscuit is the Horatio Alger hero of the turf, the horse that came up from nothing on his own courage and will to win.”
His climb from nowhere to notoriety only enhanced his appeal at a time when suffering men, women and children looked for something, anything, to cling to. Who could not want to embrace a horse that finally won on his 18th try? Who would not want to reach out to a horse that was available three times for the modest price of $2,500 as a 2-year-old but went untouched?
He would race 35 times as a 2-year-old – an unheard of grind these days – and produce five wins with seven second-place finishes. He would win only four of his next 12 starts for his trainer, the acclaimed James “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons, before car salesman Charles Howard purchased him for $8,000 and entrusted him to a much lesser-known conditioner, Tom Smith.
Smith was known for his unorthodox methods, but they struck a chord in Seabiscuit. Smith sensed the greatness that was there, and he and new rider Red Pollard made sure to bring it out of him. Victories soon followed in the Detroit Governor’s Handicap and the Scarsdale Handicap at old Empire City Racetrack in Yonkers, N.Y. When Seabiscuit shipped by train to California in the autumn of 1936, he capped his turnaround 3-year-old season with impressive victories in the Bay Bridge Handicap and the World’s Fair Handicap.
Seabiscuit suffered a devastating setback, finishing second by a nose to Rosemont, in the Santa Anita Handicap early in 1937 in a defeat that endeared him to the public all the more. It turned out that Pollard never saw Rosemont surging because he was blind in one eye due to a riding accident during training hours, a fact he had kept hidden.
Howard remained unwavering in his loyalty to Pollard. He was rewarded when “the Biscuit” swept 11 of his 15 starts and finished the year as the leading money earner in the United States only to lose the Horse of the Year title to War Admiral, a Triple Crown winner that season.
That set the stage for those two giants to meet. It was only a matter of where and when. For various reasons, the much-anticipated match race did not occur until Nov. 1, 1938. War Admiral, with his blistering early speed, was heavily favored in what was hailed as the “Match of the Century.”
Seabiscuit, with George Woolf replacing the injured Pollard, would have none of that. Smith had been secretly training Seabiscuit to break sharply when he heard the starting bell and to display early speed he had never flashed before. Approximately 40,000 fans at Baltimore’s Pimlico Race Course and another 40-million fans who listened intently on radio followed in disbelief as “the Biscuit” took early command.
As Pollard instructed him to do, Woolf gave his horse a breather down the backstretch, allowing War Admiral to fully engage him. Pollard was sure “the people’s champion” would respond by fighting as if his life depended on it. And so it was that Woolf experienced a tremendous surge as his mount eyeballed the Triple Crown champion and roared off to dominate the 1 3/16-mile contest by four lengths.
“The Biscuit” was named Horse of the Year in 1938, the highlight of a rags-to-riches 89-race career that allowed him to finish as the all-time leading earner with $437,730 in purse money. He was retired to Ridgewood Ranch in California. In a testament to his popularity, Seabiscuit entertained more than 50,000 visitors in the seven years he spent there before he died.
During hard times when spirits needed raising, “the Biscuit” surely did his part.
- Sea biscuit is the name for a type of cracker eaten by sailors and a synonym for hardtack. Hard Tack was Seabiscuit's sire.
- Ranked 25th in Blood-Horse magazine’s listing of the top 100 Thoroughbreds of the 20th century.
- A statue of Seabiscuit has been prominently displayed at Santa Anita Park since 1941.
- Santa Anita also includes a heavily trafficked area known as “Seabiscuit Court.”
- The U.S. Post Office released a stamp in Seabiscuit’s likeness in 2009.