Racing Terms

  • Tack


    Rider's racing equipment. Also applied to stable gear.

  • Taken Up

    Taken Up

    A horse pulled up sharply by its rider because of being in close quarters.

  • Tattoo


    A permanent, indelible mark on the inside of the upper lip used to identify the horse. In Quarter Horses the letter/number combination is five numbers or four numbers ending in a letter. In Thoroughbreds, it is a letter followed by five numbers.

  • Thoroughbred


    A Thoroughbred is a horse whose parentage traces back to any of the three "founding sires" the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk and Godolphin Barb, and who has satisfied the rules and requirements of The Jockey Club and is registered in "The American Stud Book" or in a foreign stud book recognized by The Jockey Club and the International Stud Book Committee. Any other horse, no matter what its parentage, is not considered a Thoroughbred for racing and/or breeding purposes.

  • Thoroughbred Racing Associations (TRA)

    Thoroughbred Racing Associations (TRA)

    An industry group comprised of many of the racetracks in North America.

  • Tongue Tie

    Tongue Tie

    Strip of cloth-type material used to stabilize a horse's tongue to prevent it from "choking down" in a race or workout or to keep the tongue from sliding up over the bit, rendering the horse uncontrollable. Also known as a "tongue strap."

  • Track Bias

    Track Bias

    A racing surface that favors a particular running style or position. For example, a track bias can favor either front-runners or closers or horses running on the inside or outside.

  • Track Condition

    Track Condition

    Condition of the racetrack surface. See fast; good; muddy; sloppy; frozen; hard; firm; soft; yielding; heavy.

  • Training Hours

    Training Hours

    Time a racetrack or training facility is open for horses to exercise. Often from 6 a.m. to 10 a.m. with a break for harrowing the track.

  • Training Race (TR)

    Training Race (TR)

    This race type is to be used ONLY in conjunction with Steeplechase races. The National Steeplechase Association has designated some races run on the "Flat" as TRAINING races.

  • Trip


    An individual horse's race, with specific reference to the difficulty (or lack of difficulty) the horse had during competition, e.g., whether the horse was repeatedly blocked or had an unobstructed run.

  • Triple Crown

    Triple Crown

    Used generically to denote a series of three important races, but is always capitalized when referring to historical races for 3-year-olds. In the United States, the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes. In England the 2,000 Guineas, Epsom Derby and St. Leger Stakes. In Canada, the Queen's Plate, Prince of Wales Stakes and Breeders' Stakes.

  • Trophy


    A prize given to the winning trainer, owner and/or jockey of a race.

  • Turf course

    Turf course

    Grass covered race course.

  • Turf Work

    Turf Work

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