A permanent, indelible mark on the inside of the upper lip used to identify the horse. In Quarter Horses the letter/number combination is five numbers or four numbers ending in a letter. In Thoroughbreds, it is a letter followed by five numbers.
A special call played on a bugle used to signal the horses to the starting gate.
A color ranging from light gold to deep red. Also, a small, horny growth on the inside of a horse's front legs.
Large amounts of white areas on horse's face and legs.
Extension of backstretch or homestretch to permit a straight running start in a race as opposed to starting on or near a turn.
Process by which a licensed person may purchase a horse entered in a designated race for a predetermined price. When a horse has been claimed, its new owner assumes title after the starting gate opens although the former owner is entitled to all purse money earned in that race.
Claiming Handicap (CLH)
A race for horses entered to be claimed, with weight assignments similar to those of a handicap race (see Handicap listed above).
A race in which each horse entered is eligible to be purchased at a set price. Claims must be made before the race and only by licensed owners or their agents who have a horse registered to race at that meeting or who have received a claim certificate from the stewards.
Claiming Stakes (CST)
A race for horses entered to be claimed. Nomination and possibly entry and starters fees are added to the base purse.
Clerk of Scales
An official whose chief duty is to weigh the riders before and after a race to ensure proper weight is (was) carried.
A person in charge of recording the time it takes for a horse to travel specific distances both during training and racing.
Generally, the turn on a racing oval that is closest to the clubhouse facility; usually the first turn after the finish line.
An ungelded male horse 4 years old or younger.
A series of booklets issued by a racing secretary which set forth conditions of races to be run at a particular racetrack.
The requirements of a particular race. This may include age, sex, money or races won, weight carried and the distance of the race.
The physical makeup of and bodily proportions of a horse how it is put together.
Persons identified with a horse, such as owner, trainer, jockey and stable employees.